Re: [nbos] Astro3 Experimental Build
"Cam Kirmser"
Tue Nov 24th, 2009
I believe the way Heaven & Earth - a Worldbuilder based program, as I recall - does it seems to be satisfactory. At least, from a gaming point of view.

Games are full of times where the reality of the science has to take a back seat to the fun of the gaming. For instance - and, realizing this is a movie, not a game, but the imagery illustrates the point well - in Star Wars I, The Phantom Menace, Qui-gon shoves his light saber into the blast doors separating him from the bridge of the Trade Federation ship. A very dramatic moment as the power of the light saber is displayed, melting the metal of the door, turning it to red-hot slag, as his hand twists it to open a way through.

There's his hand, holding the light saber deep into the molten metal, cutting a hole in the thick doors.

Right next to the red-hot metal is his hand holding the light saber.

Ever put your hand in an oven while the element is glowing? And, that's nowhere near the apparent temperature - going by the color - of that molten metal.

Had that been reality, Qui-gon's hand - at the very least - should have been char-broiled.

So, to suit the drama of the scene, the reality of convection heating had to be suppressed. And, no one complained. It is accepted as part of the suspension of disbelief.

And, again using Star Wars, every space battle uses World War II dogfights as a foundation. So, every ship in space behaves as if it is flying through an atmosphere. But, the mind expects this, so it ignores that they are not behaving realistically, given the environment. For example, when Obi-wan and Anakin are flying through that space battle in the beginning of Attack of the Clones, those little bots are eating away at their fighters. R2D2 zaps one of them and it slowly slides off the wing of Anakin's fighter.

That's what should happen, right?

Not at all. There's no evidence of any acceleration of that fighter, so it should have stayed right where it was until some sort of course correction. But, instead, the dead bot behaved as it would have in an aircraft's slipstream. And, everyone accepted it, because that was believable, within our realm of experience.

So, the same, I believe, is true of the placement of binary or trinary - let alone systems with five stellar components - elements. Sacrifice just enough reality to make it acceptable to the players. After all, they already accept FGMP-15s - even though, if reality were maintained, the discharge from one would incinerate everything for hundreds of yards around, or more. What's one more little detail? Just keep the stellar system within our realm of experience; which is, have a central body - the main star - and any other stars in orbit around that primary with believable dead orbits that would be in close proximity to the lesser stars.

----- Original Message -----
From: Sam Orton
Sent: Tuesday, November 24, 2009 10:33 AM
Subject: Re: [nbos] Astro3 Experimental Build

>Yep, that sums it up. Basically there's no way that I know of to calculate stable orbits of >stars and their planets in multiple star systems, particularly when there's 3 or more stars. >What I'll probably end up doing is assigning the component stars a fixed position in a >multiple-system display. They just wont orbit each other.

>The way the "Worldbuilder" Traveller supplement worked was to place the subsidiary suns >in orbits around the primary (orbit numbers generated randomly). It then made certain >orbits, close to these, unavailable for planets. Then, each remaining orbit was given the >chance of having a planet using it.

>No attempt is made to generate stable orbits or have the planetary bodies generated >behave according to astrophysical laws.

There might be a middle ground, if you like. Build a database of known stable *types* of orbits for multiples, including the *relative* masses and distances of the stars in it. That allows you to include "common center" orbits with no mass occupying them. Then if you generate a multiple, generate ONE star for it and randomly select a multiple orbit pattern. That tells you the mass and distance of the other star(s), right? They are what they *must be* in order for the one star you have to be in that place in *that* orbit.

"Close" multiples will be a separate, more complex problem, but with "long" multiples the orbits should be far enough apart that "wanderer" planets between stars should be a vanishingly small percentage, no?

Close multiples, where the gravity wells of the stars interact closely enough to interfere with planetary orbits.... now that will be the really hairy problem.


P.S. If all I'm doing is showing my ignorance of both astronomy and programming, just kick me and I'll shut up again.

"Never attribute to malice that which can be adequately explained by stupidity, but don't rule out malice." - "Heinlein's Razor"

"Any sufficiently advanced incompetence is indistinguishable from malice." - Grey's Law


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